Largest lakes of Russia
On the territory of the Russian Federation is home to many water bodies, including lakes. The biggest of these are: lake Baikal, lake Ladoga. Lake Onega. Lake Peipsi. Ilmen lake, Alexander lake, Segozero, Kulunda lake and Teletskoye lake.
The great lakes of Europe include the following reservoirs: lake Saimaa, Onega, Ilmen and Ladoga. Of special note is the Pskov-Peipsi lake, which is in contrast to the above lakes flows into the sea through the river Narova. The other lakes connected with the sea through the river Neva. To Russia are all the lakes except lake Saimaa.
The largest and deepest freshwater lake of the planet — it is a Baikal. The lake is located in Eastern Siberia. on the territory of the Republic of Buryatia and the Irkutsk region. All along the lake are mountains covered with snow. In the lake Baikal region earthquakes occur. that testifies to the activity of tectonic plates in this region. Water surface of the lake is at 456 meters above sea level. The lake area is 31 500 cubic meters. Baikal is the deepest lake. In depth it is in the first place. Depth is 1637 meters. On the continent of Eurasia volume of water in lake Baikal only more only in the Caspian sea. Baikal, stretches 636 km wide, the lake reaches 80 km. the temperature of the water in the lake during the warm period is eight to nine degrees Celsius. At great depths the temperature is below three, four degrees of heat. The water in lake Baikal was so clear, the depth of forty meters with the naked eye can be seen shining metal disc. A large mass of water of the lake directly affects the coastal climate. In the cold season here is not so cold. Temperature affects water. Spring lake comes always a bit later than in the neighboring territories. On the lake there are twenty-two Islands. The largest of these is called Olkhon. The lake is not as clean as it seems at first glance not so. On the shore of Baikal the company operates the mill (plant cellulose). This plant heavily pollutes lake Baikal sewage. Besides, on the Baikal want to build a pipeline that in the future can only aggravate the environmental situation of the unique lake. Baikal belongs to the status of world heritage site.
Lake Ladoga is in North-West Central Russia. The area is 17 700 kilometers. The greatest depth of the lake is 230 meters. The average depth of about 51 meters. Lake Ladoga is directly dependent on marshes and rivers emptying into it. The coastline of the lake has a length of 1570 km on the Volume of water contained in the lake is 908 cubic kilometers of water. This large lake is 660 Islands. Among them are many major. It’s O. Mantinsaari area of 39.4 square kilometers, O. the Passing area of 32,1 square kilometers, O. Tulolansari area of 30,3 square kilometers, Valaam island with an area of 27.8 square kilometers. On Valaam is the most famous Russian monastery of Valamo.
Onega lake in Karelia. By area, it is 9 690 square kilometres. Near the lake are the towns: Petrozavodsk, Povenets, Medvezhiegorsk. The depth of the lake is 127 meters. This lake is two times smaller Ladoga. The volume of water is three times less. The lake water is crystal clear. Much cleaner water from Baikal and Ladoga. In Karelia widely distributed tourism. A prominent role was played by lake Ladoga. The lake tend to relax, fish and enjoy the picturesque views.
Or Pskov Chudskoye-Peipsi lake — a large reservoir. It flows in 30 rivers, and flows only one – Narva. The lake is located on the territory of the Pskov region. This pond with an area of 3550 kilometers. And largest stands in fourth place in Europe. The lake depth is about 15 meters. On the territory of the lake is 29 Islands. Pskov-Peipsi lake is visually can be divided into three parts: lake Peipsi — the most famous of all the lakes. Here on 5 April 1242 the battle took place between the Swedes (the Livonian order) and Russian troops under the command of Alexander Nevsky. This battle is best known as the battle of the Ice. Now the lake is used to transport messages with Estonia .
The lake Ilmen is located in the North-West of European Russia. The total area of the lake is of 55.3 square miles. The Ilmen lake is situated in the centre of the Ilmen plain. The lake is 18 meters above sea level. In Ilmen by all the rivers: Msta, Lovat, Pola, and Shelon. On-site close to the lake is a lot of swamps. Ilmen is translated from Finno-Ugric language as violent. In the dictionary Dahl Ilmen – a lake which flows into the river, and then flows out.In ancient times there was a road “from the Varangians to the Greeks”. On the Ilmen, the first time in the USSR was built hydroelectric power plant. Now the lake is used for transportation of forest and sand .
Khantai lake is located on the North of the Krasnoyarsk region. The lake area is 58 square kilometers. The depth of the lake is 420 meters. From the lake follows the river Khantaika. On every year the lake attracts a lot of tourists. As this natural reservoir is very picturesque and beautiful. During Soviet times the lake was turned into a reservoir. Its maximum depth is 97 meters. Segozero derives from the Segezha river flowing to another lake Vygozero. Segozero freezes in winter.
Lake Kulunda is located near the town of Slavgorod (Altai Krai). The lake is located 99 metres above sea level. Depth all about the same – 5 meters. The whole area of the lake is 600 square kilometres. The lake is quite shallow, but quite dry, he falls into the river. This is the Kulunda river and the river Setka. Feeding the lake and streams. In summer the water in the lake warms up quickly. The temperature usually is 26 degrees.
Teletskoye lake area is $ 230.8 square kilometers is the largest lake of the Altai. The lake is named after the tribe of Teleuts. Sometimes Teletskoye lake is called a younger brother of lake Baikal. Lake is the biggest in Altai. The depth of the lake is 330 meters. Into the lake by all the rivers and streams. From the lake flows only one river Biya.