“the lake is known for”
“In heaven there is Paradise, on earth Hangzhou!”
The city of Hangzhou is one of the eight ancient capitals of China, the administrative, economic, cultural and scientific-technical center of Zhejiang province and transport hub in southeastern China.
Through the town flow the longest artificial canal in the world – the Grand canal from Beijing to Hangzhou and the river is the Qiantang river, famous for its tides.
Hangzhou is famous historical and cultural city with 8000 year history. Hangzhou has long been called Paradise because of its rich resources and beautiful scenery. Italian traveler Marco Polo in his notes called Hangzhou the most beautiful and luxurious city in the world.
Currently in Hangzhou, there are two tourist area of national importance (West lake and Qiandao lake), two nature reserves of national importance, five national forest parks and one tourist and resort region of national importance. State Park wetland Xixi in Hangzhou, open to the public from 1 may 2007, is the first in China Park wetlands. 60 km from Hangzhou are the famous picturesque mountains of Moganshan.
West lake tourist area – garden and Park landscape complex of national importance with a total area of 60.04 km 2. the main tourist area which is the West lake. It is famous for its famous “ten views of West lake” 西湖十景. The lake was known in history under various names such as Cantinho (“Santanche the lake”), Minchenko (literally “famous, well-known lake”), Tsinniyu (“lake of the Golden bull”) and others, the most ancient of them was the name of Lingshui, or “Water from the mountain Wulin”. Surrounded on three sides by wooded mountains, is the lake in the West of Hangzhou. Thanks to its location, the lake got its current name, in Chinese meaning “West lake”. The total area of the West lake is 6.03 km 2. among which the surface water is 5.66 km 2. the coastline has a length of 15 km, average depth is 1.5 m, maximum depth is 2.8 m, the minimum is less than 1 m. the Dam Baidi and Sudi divide the lake into five zones: Outer West lake (外西湖), West inner lake (西裡湖), North inner lake (北裡湖), Little South lake (小南湖) and Yue lake (岳湖). The lake is located on four major Islands: Gusani (孤山), Seonjo (小瀛洲), Honington (湖心亭) and Guinigundo (阮公墩). In ancient times, West lake was a single whole with Hangzhou Bay, but was separated from the sea as a result of silt. Your landscaping West lake owes the two poets governors Bai Juyi 白居易 (772-846 yy) and su Changzhou 苏东坡 (1037-gg), efforts which were organised by dredging, large-scale works on cleaning of the lake, to irrigate fields, built three artificial Islands, and two dikes, Baidi and Sudi 白堤 苏堤 whose names reflect the names of their creators.
The Monastery Linings
Linings(灵隐寺, Monastery/Temple of Refuge of the soul), which has nearly 1,700 years, was founded in 328, during the reign of the Eastern Jin dynasty.
During its long history the monastery Linings repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt anew. Actively develop the monastery Linings began in the Five dynasties. So, during the reign of Qian Chu, the last ruler of the state of Wwe, number of rooms in the monastery consisted of more than 1300, 9 were erected pagodas, built a large number of halls and pavilions.
Currently Linyanti is one of the most influential monasteries in all of South-Eastern China.
How to get there:
Hangzhou is located 180 km from Shanghai. Get to Hangzhou by bus and by train. High-speed trains run almost every hour, journey time – 1 hour. Buses depart every 15 minutes, journey time – about 3 hours.
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