Lake Victoria: a sick giant
Lake Victoria was discovered in 1858 British Explorer John Speke, after a few months of their research, the sources of the Nile. Then the lake appeared in front of him so large and beautiful that he gave him the name of the British Queen. But now the Lake is in poor condition and is on the brink of environmental disaster. If John Speke could see lake Victoria today, painting what he saw would have caused him most likely shock and disbelief. The lake has become a smelly, suffocating from algae, a large body of water.
Ecological health of lake Victoria has been deeply undermined by the rapidly growing population, boom in fish exports, the disappearance of some fish species, the rapid growth of algae and the discharge of untreated sewage by industrial enterprises. Most of the damage is extensive and irreversible. The traditional way of life of the lake communities almost destroyed. Scientists are concerned that soon the lake Victoria may become dead.
Named in honor of the Queen of England, the African lake Victoria is the world’s largest tropical lake and second largest freshwater lake. The area of the lake on a total of 69 000 square kilometers. Although this Continue reading
Sumatra island with adjacent small Islands has an area of about 450 thousand km and belongs to the Large Sunda Islands in Southeast Asia.
Sumatra is 6th largest island on Earth. The island is approximately 1800 km, its width is 435 km Sumatra (Sumatra) is a part of Indonesia and known for its pristine nature and unusual beaches with dark sand, ruins of ancient palaces and temple complexes. Along the West coast of the island stretches Barisan mountains, the peak of which is mount of kerintji height of 3800 m. a Large part of East Sumatra swamped.
Sumatra placed simultaneously in the two hemispheres – the equator the island is divided approximately into equal parts. Sumatra is located on the territory of the Pacific volcanic ring of increased seismic activity (magnitude earthquakes reach 6-8 points), on its territory there are more than 10 active volcanoes. The coastline of the island is poorly indented, near the coast there are coral reefs. These factors have created the island’s beautiful landscapes and fertile soils. Since ancient times in Sumatra was the gold mines, for which he received the name “island of gold”.
The picturesque island of Sumatra not only famous for its mountain lakes, relict mining landscapes, Continue reading