For several centuries in the Crimea used to treat and prevent silt and mud from treatment of lakes . On the Peninsula there are about 34 of these salt ponds, but not all of them are equally useful.
Perhaps the most famous lake is located in Saky. its development involved with the mid-19th century. Here is a stock of therapeutic mud, estimated at 4.5 million cubic metres. The depth of the Saki lake modest — only half a meter on average, the mud — oily, black, with a pungent smell of hydrogen sulfide. At first glance unpleasant, the material has a unique composition of microorganisms that help increase the body’s resistance to disease.
Evpatoria the lake Moinaki . no less famous than Saki. On its shores also has mud baths. however, in recent years the lake water has become highly prismatica, which negatively affects the healing properties of the mud (this statement is not confirmed, for a number of reasons: Eupatorium authorities decided to give the territory near the lake for construction. They are opposed by local residents, environmentalists and the defenders of the lake Moinaki, the statement that the lake has lost Continue reading
The most ancient element in the fauna of the lake are the Indian bryozoans Victorella bengalensis, and L. S. Berg clam which, by definition, VA Lindholm, Hydrobia venturosa. This species now common to the coast of the seas surrounding Europe, there is in the Black and Azov seas, but not in the Caspian sea. Berg L. S. (1930) believed that the presence of this mollusk among the nagor-no-Asiatic fauna is the mystery.
The bottom of the bays and backwaters of the Issyk-Kul lake are covered with dense thickets of pondweed, reed, and charophytes. ‘hara thickets on the slopes of the basin of the lake drops to a depth of 30-40 m.
Phytoplankton counts 309 forms. He is poor in the open part of the lake, and significantly richer and more diverse in the coastal zone, where conditions are more varied. Zooplankton of the open lake is also monotonous.
Basically, he presents two types veslonogih Rachkov. It is characteristic of brackish waters Diaptomus salinus and cosmopolitan Cyclops viridis. V. M. Rylov, in the summer of 1928, studied the zooplankton of lake Issyk-Kul, notes that it is similar to the one in lake Baikal and Tanganyika: in the open waters of pet cladocerans.
For Issyk-Kul is characterized by the following representatives of the brackish-water zooplankton: Continue reading
On the territory of the Russian Federation is home to many water bodies, including lakes. The biggest of these are: lake Baikal, lake Ladoga. Lake Onega. Lake Peipsi. Ilmen lake, Alexander lake, Segozero, Kulunda lake and Teletskoye lake.
The great lakes of Europe include the following reservoirs: lake Saimaa, Onega, Ilmen and Ladoga. Of special note is the Pskov-Peipsi lake, which is in contrast to the above lakes flows into the sea through the river Narova. The other lakes connected with the sea through the river Neva. To Russia are all the lakes except lake Saimaa.
The largest and deepest freshwater lake of the planet — it is a Baikal. The lake is located in Eastern Siberia. on the territory of the Republic of Buryatia and the Irkutsk region. All along the lake are mountains covered with snow. In the lake Baikal region earthquakes occur. that testifies to the activity of tectonic plates in this region. Water surface of the lake is at 456 meters above sea level. The lake area is 31 500 cubic meters. Baikal is the deepest lake. In depth it is in the first place. Depth is 1637 meters. On the continent of Eurasia volume of water in lake Baikal only more only in the Caspian sea. Baikal, stretches 636 km wide, the lake reaches 80 km. the temperature of the water in the lake during the warm period is eight to nine degrees Celsius. At great depths the temperature is below three, four Continue reading