The Republic of Karelia since ancient times was called as the Lake district. And among the huge number of its lakes Ladoga stands out for its vast expanses.
On Ladoga lake more than 600 Islands(among them the famous island of Valaam). area exceeding 1 hectare.Most of them(over 500) are located in the Northern part of the lake. Many Islands separated by a maze of narrow channels, in which nothing is lost to an inexperienced traveler, give a special beauty to this part of lake Ladoga, called the skerries area. The intricate shapes of the rocky Islands, reaching sometimes a height of 60— 70 m, combined with the dismembered shores of the continent, in which deeply cut into numerous and different from each other bays.
How beautiful shores of the lake! Hostess-the nature has taken care of that there is no monotony in the Kingdom. If you cross the Ladoga, we can see how diverse, unique and beautiful view of its banks. Wide open was given the southern part of the lake are replaced in Northern rocky ridges, referred to here as “fences”, and the rocks moulded by the glacier “the mutton foreheads”. Around a mysterious forest with mighty trees, thickets of juniper and the moss-covered boulders. The lake penetrates deeply into the rocky Continue reading
The most Beautiful lakes in the world – Advertising Agency paladin, Krasnoyarsk, BTL Agency paladin, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Sometimes looking at the picture and can’t believe my eyes — there’s no such colors in nature! However, on planet Earth, so many amazing places with a completely alien landscapes and unreal colors, it seems the whole life is not enough to visit them.
The pink lake
The pink lake or lake Retba located in Senegal. The name of the lake derives from the special color of the water. This color is caused by a large number of cyanobacteria in water: absorbing sunlight, microorganisms produce the pigment that turns the water. He was particularly noticeable during the dry season. Other organic life in Retba not — for algae and fish too high a concentration of salt in the water. Its content reaches 40 %. It is extracted from the bottom of the lake for nearly 50 years.
The retba is not the only one of its kind. On Earth there are at least two pink lake Hiller in Australia and salt ponds in San Francisco Bay.
Lake General Carrera
One of the deepest Continue reading
Lake, its characteristics
The lake — a reservoir formed on the land surface in the natural depression. As the lake has no direct connection with the ocean, it is — the pond to slow water exchange.
The total area of lakes on earth — about 2.7 million km 3. that is 1.8 % of the land surface.
The main characteristics of the lake:
the area of the lake – water surface area;
length of coastline – length of the water’s edge;
the length of the lake – the shortest distance between the two furthest apart points of the coastline, the average width — the ratio of area to length;
lake volume – the volume of the basin filled with water;
average depth – the ratio of water mass to the area;
maximum depth is a direct measurement.
The biggest area of water surface of a lake on Earth — Caspian (376 thousand km2 when water level is 28 m) and the deepest-Baikal (1620 m).
Characteristics of the largest lakes in the world are given in table. 1.
In every lake there are three interrelated components: basin, water mass, vegetation and fauna of the reservoir.
Lakes of the world
On the status of the lake basin the lake is divided into surface and underground. The latter sometimes filled Continue reading