Lakes and rivers of Karelia
The image of Karelia is connected first of all with the territory of blue lakes. Actually, there are a lot of lakes – over 61 thousand. Their quantity falling to 1 thousand sq. km region of Karelia confidently wins first place not only in Russia but also among regions of the world.
Lakes are very different in size varying from small lakes of lambesc (“was”), private and anonymous, until the largest in Europe Ladoga and lake Onega. The lake, which area is up to 1 sq. km. prevail, but there are many large lakes, which area is up to 10 or more sq. km. and 20 lakes exceed 100 sq. km Area is covered by lakes in Karelia makes 11.4% of its entire territory, which is clearly more than in the neighbouring state of Finland, and almost twice as much than in the region of Murmansk.
Many lakes take the beginning of tectonic movements of the terrestrial crust, but most appeared due to the ploughing of the earth’s crust by glaciers during the movement many millions of years ago. First deeper, they usually extended shape, have high rocky and often very steep banks and there are not enough Islands. The configuration of glacial lakes began more different – they discerned many Islands, bays, passageways and pretty little depth. However, very often lakes have mixed the beginning and it brings Continue reading
Fresh and salt, deep and shallow, crystal clear and azure are some of the epithets, which can describe a beautiful creation of nature – lake. We offer you a selection of the most beautiful, in our view, lakes of the world.
Plitvice lakes in Croatia
Plitvice lakes is a group, consisting of 16 lakes of various sizes. They are in Croatia, among the bright, saturated greenery of the Mediterranean sea. The unique beauty of the lakes — that they all are interconnected in a variety of exciting waterfalls. Starting the trip on Plitvice lakes, start with, which is below the other, gradually moving higher. This holiday will certainly leave you a lot of impressions. Be sure to visit Great falls (Great Slap), whose height is about 230 feet. Be prepared for the fact that on the way you can see not only wild ducks, and wolves, and even bears. What else can you expect from wild nature?
Lake Malawi in Africa
Lake Malawi occupies 3 place among the largest lakes of Africa. It is located at an altitude of 700 meters above sea level, namely at the intersection of Mozambique, Malawi and Tanzania. The length of the lake is 584 km, while the width of the reservoir in some areas exceeds 80 kilometers. The number of different species of fish found in the waters of the lake, is impressive Continue reading
Lake Victoria: a sick giant
Lake Victoria was discovered in 1858 British Explorer John Speke, after a few months of their research, the sources of the Nile. Then the lake appeared in front of him so large and beautiful that he gave him the name of the British Queen. But now the Lake is in poor condition and is on the brink of environmental disaster. If John Speke could see lake Victoria today, painting what he saw would have caused him most likely shock and disbelief. The lake has become a smelly, suffocating from algae, a large body of water.
Ecological health of lake Victoria has been deeply undermined by the rapidly growing population, boom in fish exports, the disappearance of some fish species, the rapid growth of algae and the discharge of untreated sewage by industrial enterprises. Most of the damage is extensive and irreversible. The traditional way of life of the lake communities almost destroyed. Scientists are concerned that soon the lake Victoria may become dead.
Named in honor of the Queen of England, the African lake Victoria is the world’s largest tropical lake and second largest freshwater lake. The area of the lake on a total of 69 000 square kilometers. Although this Continue reading