Inland resorts of lake Louise
The resort is located in South-Western Canada, Alberta in Banff National Park, 55 km West of the town of Banff and 177 km from the city of calgary. Its history began in 1882, when Tom Wilson, one of the experts who built the Canadian Pacific Railway in the area of the village of Laggan (the former name of the station Lake Louise), once discovered a beautiful lake surrounded by the majestic Rocky mountains, with snow-capped peaks and bright green forest on the picturesque slopes. He later recalled: “for Some time we sat silently, unable to look away from the brilliant beauty of the landscape that unfolded in sparkling glacier”.
The first discoverer called it Emerald lake, but then, in 1884, it was renamed lake Louise in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, daughter of Queen Victoria and wife of Governor-General of the canadian colonies of great Britain. Today lake Louise and its beautiful surroundings — this is part of the unique Banff National Park, rich in flora and fauna, as well as a luxury ski resort, where there are many attractions and entertainment that attract tourists from around the world.
The climate of the resort is temperate and rather mild, the coldest month-January, the warmest-July, rainfall – an average of 472 mm, the snow cover in winter – roughly 400 see
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Lake, its characteristics
The lake — a reservoir formed on the land surface in the natural depression. As the lake has no direct connection with the ocean, it is — the pond to slow water exchange.
The total area of lakes on earth — about 2.7 million km 3. that is 1.8 % of the land surface.
The main characteristics of the lake:
the area of the lake – water surface area;
length of coastline – length of the water’s edge;
the length of the lake – the shortest distance between the two furthest apart points of the coastline, the average width — the ratio of area to length;
lake volume – the volume of the basin filled with water;
average depth – the ratio of water mass to the area;
maximum depth is a direct measurement.
The biggest area of water surface of a lake on Earth — Caspian (376 thousand km2 when water level is 28 m) and the deepest-Baikal (1620 m).
Characteristics of the largest lakes in the world are given in table. 1.
In every lake there are three interrelated components: basin, water mass, vegetation and fauna of the reservoir.
Lakes of the world
On the status of the lake basin the lake is divided into surface and underground. The latter sometimes filled Continue reading