Library of the Tourism Vertical. The largest lake in Europe - lake Ladoga
The Republic of Karelia since ancient times was called as the Lake district. And among the huge number of its lakes Ladoga stands out for its vast expanses. On Ladoga…

Continue reading →

Grindelwald was nearly flooded
The rock slide in Glacier lake provoked a rise in the water level, and river Black Lucina he threatened to withdraw from the coast. | The whole country spent the…

Continue reading →

americans

The Lake: features and types. Lakes of the world, their depth

Lake, its characteristics

The lake — a reservoir formed on the land surface in the natural depression. As the lake has no direct connection with the ocean, it is — the pond to slow water exchange.

The total area of lakes on earth — about 2.7 million km 3. that is 1.8 % of the land surface.

The main characteristics of the lake:

the area of the lake – water surface area;

length of coastline – length of the water’s edge;

the length of the lake – the shortest distance between the two furthest apart points of the coastline, the average width — the ratio of area to length;

lake volume – the volume of the basin filled with water;

average depth – the ratio of water mass to the area;

maximum depth is a direct measurement.

The biggest area of water surface of a lake on Earth — Caspian (376 thousand km2 when water level is 28 m) and the deepest-Baikal (1620 m).

Characteristics of the largest lakes in the world are given in table. 1.

In every lake there are three interrelated components: basin, water mass, vegetation and fauna of the reservoir.

Lakes of the world

On the status of the lake basin the lake is divided into surface and underground. The latter sometimes filled Continue reading